Medical Dictionary

contraction

noun con·trac·tion \kən-ˈtrak-shən\

Medical Definition of CONTRACTION

1
:  the action or process of contracting :  the state of being contracted <contraction of hepatitis> <lung expansion and contraction in breathing—P. G. Donohue>
2
:  the action of a functioning muscle or muscle fiber in which force is generated accompanied especially by shortening and thickening of the muscle or muscle fiber or sometimes by its lengthening <isometric contraction> <isotonic contraction>; especially :  the shortening and thickening of a functioning muscle or muscle fiber
3
:  one of usually a series of rhythmic tightening actions of the uterine muscles (as during menstruation or labor)

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