Basedow, Karl Adolph von (1799–1854), German physician. Basedow practiced general medicine, surgery, and ophthalmology, but he is best known for his study of Graves' disease. The English physician Caleb H. Parry first mentioned the disease in 1815, and in 1835 the first full description was given by the Irish physician Robert L. Graves. However, the 1840 description by Basedow is considered to be classic. His description presented the three classic symptoms: goiter, exophthalmos, and tachycardia.