Zionism


Zi·on·ism

noun \ˈzī-ə-ˌni-zəm\

: political support for the creation and development of a Jewish homeland in Israel

Full Definition of ZIONISM

:  an international movement originally for the establishment of a Jewish national or religious community in Palestine and later for the support of modern Israel
Zi·on·ist \-nist\ adjective or noun
Zi·on·is·tic \ˌzī-ə-ˈnis-tik\ adjective

First Known Use of ZIONISM

1896

Rhymes with ZIONISM

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Zionism

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Jewish nationalism movement with the goal of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine. In the 16th–17th century, a number of “messiahs” tried to persuade the Jews to return to Palestine, but by the late 18th century interest had largely faded. Pogroms in Eastern Europe led to formation of the “Lovers of Zion,” which promoted the settlement of Jewish farmers and artisans in Palestine. In the face of persistent anti-Semitism, Theodor Herzl advocated a Jewish state in Palestine. He held the first Zionist Congress in Basel in 1897. After World War I the movement picked up momentum with the issuing of the Balfour Declaration. The Jewish population in Palestine increased from 90,000 in 1914 to 238,000 in 1933. The Arab population resisted Zionism, and the British tried unsuccessfully to reconcile Jewish and Arab demands. Zionism achieved its goal with the creation of Israel in 1948. See also Alliance Israélite Universelle, David Ben-Gurion, Hagana, Vladimir Jabotinsky, Irgun Zvai Leumi.

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