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Definition of XANTHUS
city of ancient Lycia; site near mouth of Koca River in SW Turkey
Ancient city of Lycia, Anatolia. Situated near the mouth of the Xanthus (modern Esen Cayi) River in present-day southwestern Turkey, its ruins include a theatre, temples, and tombs. A number of pieces were taken for the British Museum. The ancient city was twice besieged and destroyed: in 540 BC by the Persians of the Achaemenian dynasty and in 42 BC by the Romans. The ruins were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988.