vitamin K


vitamin K

noun

Definition of VITAMIN K

1
:  either of two naturally occurring fat-soluble vitamins C31H46O2 and C41H56O2 essential for the clotting of blood because of their role in the production of prothrombin —called also vitamin K1, vitamin K2
2
:  any of several synthetic compounds closely related chemically to natural vitamins K1 and K2 and of similar biological activity

Origin of VITAMIN K

from the initial letter of Dan & Swedish koagulation coagulation, Norwegian koagulasjon & German Koagulation
First Known Use: circa 1935

vitamin K

noun    (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of VITAMIN K

1
: either of two naturally occurring fat-soluble vitamins that are essential for the clotting of blood because of their role in the production of prothrombin in the liver and that are used in preventing and treating hypoprothrombinemia and hemorrhage: a : a yellow oily naphthoquinone C31H46O2 that is obtained especially from alfalfa or made synthetically and that has a fast, potent, and prolonged biological effect, is effective orally, and is useful especially in treating hypoprothrombinemia induced by anticoagulant drugs—called also phylloquinone, phytonadione, vitamin K1; see mephyton b : a pale yellow crystalline naphthoquinone C41H56O2 that is obtained especially from putrefied fish meal and is synthesized by various bacteria (as in the intestines of humans and higher animals) and that is much more unsaturated than vitamin K1 and slightly less active biologically—called also menaquinone, vitamin K2
2
: any of several synthetic compounds that are closely related chemically to vitamins K1 and K2 but are simpler in structure and that have similar biological activity; especially : menadione

vitamin K

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any of several fat-soluble compounds essential for the clotting of blood. A deficiency of vitamin K in the body leads to an increase in clotting time. In 1929 a previously unrecognized fat-soluble substance present in green leafy vegetables was found to be required for coagulation of the blood; its letter name comes from the Danish word koagulation. A pure form was isolated and analyzed structurally in 1939; several related compounds having vitamin-K activity have since been isolated and synthesized. The form of vitamin K that is important in mammalian tissue is of microbial origin. A synthetic vitamin K precursor called menadione is used as a vitamin supplement.

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