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If you're hungry for the story behind victual, get ready to dig into a rich and fulfilling history. The word derives via Middle English and Anglo-French from the Latin noun victus, meaning "nourishment" or "way of living." Victus derives from the verb vivere, which means "to live" and which is the source of a whole smorgasbord of other English words like vital, vivid, and survive. It's also the root of viand, another English word referring to food. There's also vittles, a word that sounds like it might be an alteration of the plural victuals but which actually entered English a century before victual.
Origin and Etymology of victual
Middle English vitaille, victuayle, from Anglo-French, from Late Latin victualia, plural, provisions, victuals, from neuter plural of victualis of nourishment, from Latin victus nourishment, way of living, from vivere to live — more at quick
First Known Use: 15th century
Definition of victual
: to supply with food
1 : eat
2 : to lay in provisions
Examples of victual in a sentence
<the navy was usually equipped, clothed and victualled by the Crown>
<that evening the travelers victualed sumptuously on partridge and venison>
First Known Use of victual
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Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for victual
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