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Definition of UNTERWALDEN
former canton cen Switzerland, now divided into two cantons (formerly half cantons): Nid·wal·den\ˈnēt-ˌväl-dən\ or French Nid·wald\nēd-ˈväld\ (∗ Stans area 106 square milesor 276 sq kilometers, pop 38,600) & Ob·wal·den\ˈȯp-ˌväl-dən\ or French Ob·wald\ȯb-ˈväld\ (∗ Sarnen area 189 square milesor 490 sq kilometers,pop 32,700)
Former canton, central Switzerland. It was ruled after 1173 by the Habsburg counts. In 1291, with Uri and Schwyz, it formed the Everlasting League, which became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederation. In 1340 it divided into two sovereign half cantons, Nidwalden and Obwalden; in 1803 they became demicantons having equal rights.