Any member of an ancient pre-Etruscan people pushed into central Italy (Umbria) by the Etruscans and Gauls. They never fought an important war with the Romans. In the Social War they were among the first to make peace with Rome. They are described by ancient authors as being similar to their Etruscan enemies in culture. The Umbrian alphabet is undoubtedly of Etruscan origin. Their dialect was Indo-European.