typhus

7 ENTRIES FOUND:

ty·phus

noun \ˈtī-fəs\

medical : a serious disease that is carried by small insects that live on the bodies of people and animals and that causes high fever, headache, and a dark red rash

Full Definition of TYPHUS

:  any of various bacterial diseases caused by rickettsias: as
a :  a severe human febrile disease that is caused by one (Rickettsia prowazekii) transmitted especially by body lice and is marked by high fever, stupor alternating with delirium, intense headache, and a dark red rash
b :  murine typhus
c :  scrub typhus

Origin of TYPHUS

New Latin, from Greek typhos fever; akin to Greek typhein to smoke — more at deaf
First Known Use: 1785

ty·phus

noun \ˈtī-fəs\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of TYPHUS

: any of various bacterial diseases caused by rickettsial bacteria: as a : a severe human febrile disease that is caused by one (Rickettsia prowazekii) transmitted especially by body lice and is marked by high fever, stupor alternating with delirium, intense headache, and a dark red rash—called also louse-borne typhus b : murine typhus c : scrub typhus

typhus

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any of a group of related diseases caused by various species of rickettsia that release toxins into the blood. Headache, chills, fever, and general pains begin suddenly and a rash soon after. The bacteria are transmitted by lice, fleas, mites, and ticks. Epidemic typhus, spread by the body louse, is the most severe. It is one of the great scourges of history, associated with crowded, filthy conditions. Improved hygiene has nearly eliminated it from the Western world, but it persists in many countries, despite modern vaccines and pesticides. Endemic typhus, spread by fleas on rats and other rodents, is milder (mortality under 5%). Scrub typhus, carried by mites, is usually classed as a separate disease. See also Rocky Mountain spotted fever; Hans Zinsser.

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