noun \ˈtərf\

: the upper layer of ground that is made up of grass and plant roots

: a square piece of turf cut out of the ground that is used for making lawns

: a material that looks like grass and that is used especially to cover athletic fields

plural turfs \ˈtərfs\ also turves \ˈtərvz\

Full Definition of TURF

a :  the upper stratum of soil bound by grass and plant roots into a thick mat; also :  a piece of this
b :  an artificial substitute for this (as on a playing field)
c :  grass 3
a :  peat 2
b :  a piece of peat dried for fuel
a :  a track or course for horse racing
b :  the sport or business of horse racing
a :  territory considered by a teenage gang to be under its control
b :  territory 2 <have to play two of the last three games on hostile turf — Joe Klein> <in chapter two, the author is on unfamiliar turf>; also :  a sphere of activity or influence <people who could hurt him on his own foreign-policy turfWall Street Journal>
turfy \ˈtər-fē\ adjective

Examples of TURF

  1. a lawn made by laying turfs
  2. Synthetic turf was installed in the playing field instead of grass.
  3. playing fields with artificial turfs
  4. The team played on home turf.

Origin of TURF

Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German zurba turf, Sanskrit darbha tuft of grass
First Known Use: before 12th century

Other Ecology Terms

Malthusian, anthropogenic, biomass, carbon footprint, crepuscular, niche, sere, symbiosis, taiga, tundra

Rhymes with TURF


transitive verb

Definition of TURF

:  to cover with turf
chiefly British :  to eject forcibly :  kick —usually used with out

First Known Use of TURF

15th century

Other Agriculture/Gardening Terms

fallow, graft, heirloom, loam, potash, soilage, swath, tilth, windfall
TURFS Defined for Kids


noun \ˈtərf\

Definition of TURF for Kids

:  the upper layer of soil bound into a thick mat by roots of grass and other plants
:  land covered with grass
:  an area that is or is felt to be under an individual's control <Fluffy won't allow any other dogs on his turf.>


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