Imperial Roman toga on Tiberius (reigned 14–37 CE); in the Louvre, Paris—Giraudon/Art Resource, New York
Loose, draped outer garment adopted by the Romans from the Etruscans. It was originally worn by both sexes of all classes, but was gradually abandoned by women, then by labourers, and finally by patricians, but throughout the history of the empire it remained the state dress, the garment of the emperor and high officials. Made from an oval piece of fabric, the toga had voluminous folds that made activity difficult and thus became the distinctive garment of the upper classes. The colour of the toga worn depended on class, age, and the character of such special events as mourning and triumphs.