temple


1tem·ple

noun \ˈtem-pəl\

Definition of TEMPLE

1
:  a building for religious practice: as
a often capitalized :  either of two successive national sanctuaries in ancient Jerusalem
b :  a building for Mormon sacred ordinances
c :  the house of worship of Reform and some Conservative Jewish congregations
2
:  a local lodge of any of various fraternal orders; also :  the building housing it
3
:  a place devoted to a special purpose <a temple of cuisine>
tem·pled \-pəld\ adjective

Origin of TEMPLE

Middle English, from Old English & Anglo-French; Old English tempel & Anglo-French temple, both from Latin templum space marked out for observation of auguries, temple, small timber; probably akin to Greek temenos sacred precinct, temnein to cut — more at tome
First Known Use: before 12th century

Other Jewish Religion Terms

Talmud, Zion, challah, dybbuk, kosher, tabernacle, tetragrammaton, yarmulke

2temple

noun

Definition of TEMPLE

1
:  the flattened space on each side of the forehead of some mammals including humans
2
:  one of the side supports of a pair of glasses jointed to the bows and passing on each side of the head

Origin of TEMPLE

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Vulgar Latin *tempula, alteration of Latin tempora (plural) temples
First Known Use: 14th century

Other Anatomy Terms

bilateral symmetry, carotid, cartilage, dorsal, entrails, prehensile, renal, solar plexus, supine, thoracic, ventral

Tem·ple

biographical name \ˈtem-pəl\

Definition of TEMPLE

Frederick 1821–1902 archbishop of Canterbury (1896–1902)

Temple

biographical name

Definition of TEMPLE

Shirley 1928– Shirley Temple Black Am. actress & diplomat

Temple

biographical name

Definition of TEMPLE

Sir William 1628–1699 British statesman

Temple

biographical name

Definition of TEMPLE

William 1881–1944 son of Frederick archbishop of Canterbury (1942–44)

Tem·ple

geographical name \ˈtem-pəl\

Definition of TEMPLE

city NE cen Texas SSW of Waco pop 66,102

tem·ple

noun \ˈtem-pəl\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of TEMPLE

1
: the flattened space on each side of the forehead of some mammals (as humans)
2
: one of the side supports of a pair of glasses jointed to the bows and passing on each side of the head

temple

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Edifice constructed for the worship of a deity. Features commonly include a sanctuary and an altar. Ancient Egypt had two kinds of temple: mortuary temples for the cults of dead kings, with a chapel in which offerings were presented, and cult temples that held images of deities. The cult temple typically included a massive pylon entrance with a court leading to a hypostyle hall and, at the heart of the temple, a shrine for the cult image. Most Classical Greek temples were rectangular and built of marble or other stone on a low stylobate (stepped platform). A gable roof was supported by columns, with a portico at each end (amphiprostyle temple), a colonnade extending all around (peripteral temple), or a double line of columns all around (dipteral temple). An inner cella housed the image of a deity, and an altar stood outside the temple. Roman temples were profoundly influenced by Greek style, but the altar was inside the temple and the colonnade was often reduced to a row of engaged columns. Hindu temples vary regionally, but generally consist of a towering shrine and a columned hall surrounded by an elaborate wall. Buddhist temples range from half-buried sanctuaries with richly carved entrances to single carved towers or statues. The Chinese and Japanese Buddhist temple is typically a one-story building of richly carved, painted, or tiled timber constructed around an atrium used for worship, though towering pagodas were sometimes built as temples over a shrine. In the Americas, Inca and Mayan temples were constructed of stone, often richly carved; they were generally stair-stepped pyramids, with the shrine at the top. See also synagogue.

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