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geographical name\ˌta-məl-ˈnä-(ˌ)dü, ˌtä-\
Definition of TAMIL NADU
state SE India bordering on Bay of Bengal ∗ Madras area 50,180 square miles (129,966 square kilometers), pop 55,858,946
Variants of TAMIL NADU
Tam·il Na·du or formerly Madras
State (pop., 2008 est.: 66,396,000), southeastern India. Lying on the Indian Ocean, its coastline includes the enclaves of Puducherry and Karaikal (both parts of Puducherry union territory); it is also bordered by Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh states. Tamil Nadu covers an area of 50,216 sq mi (130,058 sq km), and its capital is Chennai (Madras). Its interior includes the fertile Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta. By the 4th century CE the region was occupied by Tamil kingdoms. The Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar ruled the southern regions from the mid-14th to the mid-16th century. The British established a settlement in present-day Chennai in the 17th century. The settlement expanded to become the separate presidency of Madras, which lasted from 1653 to 1946. The state of Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956. It is one of India's most industrialized states, manufacturing vehicles, electrical equipment, and chemicals.