Metropolitan city (pop., 2003 est.: 2,540,647), capital of North Kyongsang province, southeastern South Korea. For centuries the administrative, economic, and cultural centre of South Korea, it developed during the Choson dynasty (1392–1910) into one of the country's three big market cities. It has important textile industries but is best known for the apples grown in the surrounding area, which are exported throughout East and Southeast Asia. The area attracts visitors to its several parks, ancient pagodas, and the 9th-century Buddhist temple containing the Tripitaka. It is home to many universities and colleges.