geographical name \sə-ˈnr-ə\

Definition of SONORA

river 250 miles (400 kilometers) NW Mexico flowing SW into upper Gulf of California
state NW Mexico bordering on United States & Gulf of California Hermosillo area 71,403 square miles (184,934 square kilometers), pop 1,823,606
So·no·ran \-ən\ adjective or noun


   (Concise Encyclopedia)

State (pop., 2000: 2,216,969), northwestern Mexico. Bordering the U.S. and the Gulf of California, it covers 70,291 sq mi (182,052 sq km); its capital is Hermosillo. Explored by Spaniards in the 1530s, it became an important colonial mining district for copper, gold, and silver. It became a state in 1830, but the Yaqui Indian peoples were not finally subdued until the 20th century. It is generally arid and semiarid, and irrigation is used to grow winter vegetables, cereals, cotton, tobacco, and corn (maize).


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