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shigella

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noun, shi·gel·la \shi-ˈge-lə\

Definition of shigella

plural shigellaeplay \-ˈge-(ˌ)lē, -(ˌ)lī\ also shigellas

  1. 1 :  any of a genus (Shigella) of nonmotile rod-shaped bacteria that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans

  2. 2 :  shigellosis



Origin of shigella

New Latin, from Kiyoshi Shiga †1957 Japanese bacteriologist


First Known Use: 1937


Medical Dictionary

shigella

play
noun shi·gel·la \shi-ˈgel-ə\

Medical Definition of shigella

  1. 1 capitalized :  a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that form acid but no gas on many carbohydrates and that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans

  2. 2plural shigellae \-ˌē\play also shigellas :  any bacterium of the genus Shigella

  3. 3:  shigellosis




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