noun \sh-ˈnē, shä-\
plural Shawnee or Shawnees

Definition of SHAWNEE

:  a member of an American Indian people originally of the central Ohio valley
:  the Algonquian language of the Shawnee people

Origin of SHAWNEE

back-formation from obsolete English Shawnese, ultimately from Shawnee ša·wano·ki, literally, southerners
First Known Use: 1728


geographical name \sh-ˈnē, ˈsh-ˌ; shä-ˈnē, ˈshä-ˌ\

Definition of SHAWNEE

city NE Kansas S of Kansas City pop 62,209
city cen Oklahoma pop 29,857


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people from the central Ohio River valley. Closely related in language and culture to the Fox, Kickapoo, and Sauk, the Shawnee were also influenced by the Seneca and Delaware. Traditionally the Shawnee lived in bark-covered houses grouped into large villages near cornfields. Women farmed and the primary male occupation was hunting. In winter the village broke into small patrilineal family groups, which moved to dispersed hunting camps. In the 17th century the Shawnee were driven from their home by the Iroquois and scattered into widely separated areas. After 1725 the Shawnee reunited in Ohio. Following their defeat by Gen. Anthony Wayne (1794), they broke into three independent branches that eventually settled in Oklahoma. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 12,000 individuals of Shawnee descent. See also Tecumseh.


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