self-incrimination


self–in·crim·i·na·tion

noun \-ˌkri-mə-ˈnā-shən\

Definition of SELF-INCRIMINATION

:  incrimination of oneself; specifically :  the giving of testimony which will likely subject one to criminal prosecution

First Known Use of SELF-INCRIMINATION

1911

self-incrimination

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

In criminal law, the giving of evidence that might tend to expose the witness to punishment for a crime. The term is generally used in relation to the privilege of refusing to give such evidence. In some continental European countries (e.g., Germany), a person fearing self-incrimination may make his own decision as to whether or not he will testify. In Anglo-American practice, a person other than an accused cannot refuse to testify; he may only cite his privilege against self-incrimination, and the judge then decides whether he must testify. If required to testify, he must answer all questions except those he considers to be self-incriminating. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution contains a provision that protects a person from being compelled to make self-incriminating statements, one intention being to prevent coercion of testimony. See also rights of the accused; exclusionary rule.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: self–inductance
Previous Word in the Dictionary: self–incriminating
All Words Near: self-incrimination

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up self-incrimination? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More