selenium

6 ENTRIES FOUND:

se·le·ni·um

noun \sə-ˈlē-nē-əm\

: a chemical element that is used in electronic devices to make them sensitive to light

Full Definition of SELENIUM

:  a photosensitive element that occurs in both crystalline and amorphous forms, is obtained chiefly as a by-product in copper refining, and is used especially in glass, semiconductor devices, and alloys — see element table

Origin of SELENIUM

New Latin, from Greek selēnē moon, from selas brightness
First Known Use: 1818

Rhymes with SELENIUM

se·le·ni·um

noun \sə-ˈlē-nē-əm\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of SELENIUM

: a nonmetallic photosensitive element that occurs in both crystalline and amorphous forms, is an essential trace element found especially in grains and meat, and is used chiefly in glass, semiconductor devices, and alloys—symbol Se; see element table, selenosis

selenium

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Semimetallic chemical element, chemical symbol Se, atomic number 34. It is widely distributed, usually in small amounts, occasionally uncombined but more often as selenides of iron, lead, silver, or copper. Selenium has several allotropes; the gray metallic crystalline form is the most stable at room temperature. Its electrical conductivity increases when light strikes it, and it can convert light directly into electricity, so selenium is used in photocells (e.g., in light meters and security alarms), solar cells, and photocopiers. It also has been used in rectifiers to convert alternating to direct electric current. It serves as a red colorant for glass and glazes. Selenium has valence 2, 4, and 6 in its compounds, many of which are toxic though the element is not. Selenium dioxide is an important reagent in organic chemistry. Vital to living cells, it works as an antioxidant in the body and is being studied for a variety of possible beneficial health effects; it is used in nutritional supplements and animal feeds.

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