Sargon II, detail of a relief from the palace at Khorsabad; in the Louvre, Paris—Courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris; photograph, Maurice Chuzeville
(died 705 BC) Assyrian king (r. 721–705 BC). He continued the empire-building work of his presumed father, Tiglath-pileser III. One of his aims was to prove the might of the Assyrian god Ashur by enlarging the empire he had inherited. His conquests ranged from southern Babylonia to Armenia and the Mediterranean. He probably died in battle in northwestern Persia. His son, Sennacherib, succeeded him.