Sarajevo


Sa·ra·je·vo

geographical name \ˌsa-rə-ˈyā-(ˌ)vō, ˌsär-ə-; ˈsär-ə-ye-ˌv\

Definition of SARAJEVO

city SE cen Bosnia and Herzegovina, its
Sa·ra·je·van \-vən\ noun

Sarajevo

geographical name    (Concise Encyclopedia)

City (pop., 2007 est.: 304,065), capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. After the Turks invaded in the late 15th century, it developed as a trading centre and stronghold of Muslim culture. From 1878 it was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (see Austria-Hungary). In 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist, which precipitated World War I. After Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1992, it became a focal point of fierce civil war as Serb militias drove thousands of Bosnian Muslims from the countryside to take refuge in the city (see Bosnian conflict). Its pre-civil-war industries included brewing, furniture and automobile manufacturing, and tobacco processing. It was the host of the 1984 Winter Olympic Games and is the centre of a road network. A rail connection to the Adriatic Sea was damaged during fighting in the 1990s but is now operational. Sarajevo retains a Muslim character, with many mosques and an ancient marketplace.

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