sansculotte


sans·cu·lotte

noun \ˌsanz-k-ˈlät, -ky-\

Definition of SANSCULOTTE

1
:  an extreme radical republican in France at the time of the French Revolution
2
:  a radical or violent extremist in politics
sans·cu·lott·ic \-ˈlä-tik\ adjective
sans·cu·lott·ish \-tish\ adjective
sans·cu·lott·ism \-ˌti-zəm\ noun

Origin of SANSCULOTTE

French sans-culotte, literally, without breeches
First Known Use: 1790

sansculotte

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

(French sans-culotte, “without breeches”) In the French Revolution, one of the ill-clad and ill-equipped volunteers of the Revolutionary army; also a Parisian ultrademocrat of the Revolution. The working-class sansculottes wore long trousers to distinguish themselves from the upper classes, who wore knee-breeches (culotte). Allied with the Jacobins (see Jacobin Club) in the Reign of Terror, sansculottes included ultrademocrats of all classes. Their influence waned after the fall of Maximilien Robespierre in 1794. See also Jacques Hébert.

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