Simple Definition of sanguine
: confident and hopeful
Full Definition of sanguine
1 : bloodred
3 : having blood as the predominating bodily humor; also : having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, high color, and cheerfulness
Examples of sanguine in a sentence
He has been strangely sanguine about this, blandly ignoring the mounting evidence that dissident elements in the police are stirring trouble … —Allister Sparks, Washington Post, 9–15 Mar. 1992
How could a man of his caliber be this sanguine about a war we had barely begun to fight? He gave me the McNamara look, eyes focusing boldly through rimless glasses. “Every quantitative measurement we have shows that we're winning this war,” he said. —Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie, 1988
Yet if there were sanguine expectations of war profits and unlimited booty from the Spanish empire, … those hopes were dramatically confounded … —Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988
He does not pretend to be sanguine about our prospects. History itself, he reminds us, provides few examples of cultures as debilitated as ours which were not destroyed by the very forces they set in motion. —Gertrude Himmelfarb, The New History and the Old, 1987
She has a sanguine disposition.
He is sanguine about the company's future.
Did You Know?
Sanguine has quite a few relatives in English. Sangfroid ("self-possession especially under strain") and sanguineous ("bloodthirsty") are consanguineous with sanguine. (Consanguineous, means "descended from the same ancestor.") The tie that binds these words is sanguis, the Latin word for blood. Exsanguination ("the draining or losing of blood"), sanguinary ("murderous" or "bloody"), and the rare sangsue ("leech") and sanguinolent ("tinged with blood") are also sanguis relatives. That's something you can raise a glass of sangaree or sangria ("a usually iced punch made of red wine, fruit juice, and soda water") to!
Origin of sanguine
Middle English sanguin, from Anglo-French, from Latin sanguineus, from sanguin-, sanguis (see sanguinary))
First Known Use: 14th century
Definition of sanguine
: a moderate to strong red
Origin of sanguine
First Known Use: 15th century
Medical Definition of sanguine
1a: consisting of or relating to bloodbof the complexion : ruddy
2: having blood as the predominating bodily humor; also : having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, high color, and cheerfulness
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