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1

sanguine

play
adjective san·guine \ˈsaŋ-gwən\

Simple Definition of sanguine

  • : confident and hopeful

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of sanguine

  1. 1 :  bloodred

  2. 2a :  consisting of or relating to bloodb :  bloodthirsty, sanguinaryc of the complexion :  ruddy

  3. 3 :  having blood as the predominating bodily humor; also :  having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, high color, and cheerfulness

  4. 4 :  confident, optimistic

sanguinely adverb
sanguineness play \-gwən-nəs\ noun
sanguinity play \saŋ-ˈgwi-nə-tē, san-\ noun

Examples of sanguine in a sentence

  1. He has been strangely sanguine about this, blandly ignoring the mounting evidence that dissident elements in the police are stirring trouble … —Allister Sparks, Washington Post, 9–15 Mar. 1992

  2. How could a man of his caliber be this sanguine about a war we had barely begun to fight? He gave me the McNamara look, eyes focusing boldly through rimless glasses. “Every quantitative measurement we have shows that we're winning this war,” he said. —Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie, 1988

  3. Yet if there were sanguine expectations of war profits and unlimited booty from the Spanish empire, … those hopes were dramatically confounded … —Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988

  4. He does not pretend to be sanguine about our prospects. History itself, he reminds us, provides few examples of cultures as debilitated as ours which were not destroyed by the very forces they set in motion. —Gertrude Himmelfarb, The New History and the Old, 1987

  5. She has a sanguine disposition.

  6. He is sanguine about the company's future.



Did You Know?

Sanguine has quite a few relatives in English. Sangfroid ("self-possession especially under strain") and sanguineous ("bloodthirsty") are consanguineous with sanguine. (Consanguineous, means "descended from the same ancestor.") The tie that binds these words is sanguis, the Latin word for blood. Exsanguination ("the draining or losing of blood"), sanguinary ("murderous" or "bloody"), and the rare sangsue ("leech") and sanguinolent ("tinged with blood") are also sanguis relatives. That's something you can raise a glass of sangaree or sangria ("a usually iced punch made of red wine, fruit juice, and soda water") to!

Origin of sanguine

Middle English sanguin, from Anglo-French, from Latin sanguineus, from sanguin-, sanguis (see sanguinary))


First Known Use: 14th century


2

sanguine

play
noun san·guine \ˈsaŋ-gwən\

Definition of sanguine

  1. :  a moderate to strong red



Origin of sanguine

(see 1sanguine)


First Known Use: 15th century


Medical Dictionary

sanguine

play
adjective san·guine \ˈsaŋ-gwən\

Medical Definition of sanguine

  1. 1a:  consisting of or relating to bloodbof the complexion :  ruddy

  2. 2:  having blood as the predominating bodily humor; also :  having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, high color, and cheerfulness





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