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salmonella

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noun sal·mo·nel·la \ˌsal-mə-ˈne-lə\

Simple Definition of salmonella

  • : a kind of bacteria that is sometimes in food and that makes people sick

Full Definition of salmonella

plural sal·mo·nel·laeplay \-ˈne-(ˌ)lē, -ˌlī\ or sal·mo·nellas or sal·mo·nella

  1. :  any of a genus (Salmonella) of usually motile enterobacteria that are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals and cause food poisoning, gastrointestinal inflammation, typhoid fever, or septicemia

Origin of salmonella

New Latin, from Daniel E. Salmon †1914 American veterinarian


First Known Use: 1913

Other Microbiology Terms


Medical Dictionary

salmonella

play
noun sal·mo·nel·la \ˌsal-mə-ˈnel-ə\

Medical Definition of salmonella

  1. 1 capitalized :  a genus of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped nonspore-forming usually motile bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that grow well on artificial media and form acid and gas on many carbohydrates but not on lactose, sucrose, or salicin, that are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals, and that cause food poisoning, acute gastrointestinal inflammation, typhoid fever, and septicemia

  2. 2plural sal·mo·nel·lae \-ˈnel-ē\play or sal·mo·nellas or sal·mo·nella :  any bacterium of the genus Salmonella



Biographical Note for salmonella

Salm·on \ˈsam-ən\play Daniel Elmer (1850–1914), American veterinarian. For the greater part of his career Salmon was associated with the United States Department of Agriculture, having joined the department to investigate diseases of domestic animals, especially Texas fever. He later founded and became chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1900 the genus Salmonella of bacteria was named after him.


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