Simple Definition of salmonella
: a kind of bacteria that is sometimes in food and that makes people sick
Full Definition of salmonella
plural salmonellaeplay \-ˈne-(ˌ)lē, -ˌlī\ or salmonellas or salmonella
: any of a genus (Salmonella) of usually motile enterobacteria that are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals and cause food poisoning, gastrointestinal inflammation, typhoid fever, or septicemia
Origin of salmonella
New Latin, from Daniel E. Salmon †1914 American veterinarian
First Known Use: 1913
Medical Definition of salmonella
1 capitalized : a genus of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped nonspore-forming usually motile bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that grow well on artificial media and form acid and gas on many carbohydrates but not on lactose, sucrose, or salicin, that are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals, and that cause food poisoning, acute gastrointestinal inflammation, typhoid fever, and septicemia
2plural salmonellae \-ˈnel-ē\play or salmonellas or salmonella : any bacterium of the genus Salmonella
Biographical Note for salmonella
Salmon \ˈsam-ən\play , Daniel Elmer (1850–1914), American veterinarian. For the greater part of his career Salmon was associated with the United States Department of Agriculture, having joined the department to investigate diseases of domestic animals, especially Texas fever. He later founded and became chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1900 the genus Salmonella of bacteria was named after him.
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