noun \ˈsa-ˌfla(-ə)r\

Definition of SAFFLOWER

:  a widely cultivated Old World composite herb (Carthamus tinctorius) with large usually orange or red flower heads and seeds rich in oil; also :  a red dyestuff prepared from the flower heads


Middle French saffleur, from Old Italian saffiore, from Arabic ʽaṣfar, ʽuṣfur
First Known Use: circa 1660


noun \ˈsaf-ˌla(-ə)r\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of SAFFLOWER

: a widely grown Old World composite herb (Carthamus tinctorius) that has large orange or red flower heads from which a red dyestuff is prepared and seeds rich in oil
: a drug consisting of the dried florets of the safflower that has been used in medicine in place of saffron—called also carthamus


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)—J.C. Allen and Son

Flowering annual plant (Carthamus tinctorius) of the aster family (Asteraceae). Native to parts of Asia and Africa, it is now widely grown as an oil crop in the U.S., Canada, Australia, Israel, and Turkey. Oil obtained from the seeds, an ingredient of soft margarines, salad oil, and cooking oil, is valued for its high proportion of polyunsaturated fats. Since the oil does not yellow with age, it is also a useful base for varnish and paint. The plant, which grows 1–4 ft (0.3–1.2 m) high, has flowers in red, orange, yellow, or white, which were formerly a source of textile dyes.


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