noun \ˈsa-bəth\

Definition of SABBATH

a :  the seventh day of the week observed from Friday evening to Saturday evening as a day of rest and worship by Jews and some Christians
b :  Sunday observed among Christians as a day of rest and worship
:  a time of rest

Origin of SABBATH

Middle English sabat, from Anglo-French & Old English, from Latin sabbatum, from Greek sabbaton, from Hebrew shabbāth, literally, rest
First Known Use: before 12th century

Other Jewish Religion Terms

Talmud, Zion, challah, dybbuk, kosher, tabernacle, tetragrammaton, yarmulke


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Day of the week set aside for worship and observance of religious duties in Judaism and Christianity. The Jewish Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday and lasts until sunset the next day, during which time no ordinary work or act of labor is performed. For most Christian denominations, the Sabbath is on Sunday; prescribed conduct varies considerably, but attendance at worship services is a feature common to all. In Islam, Friday is the day of worship.


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