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1

ruff

noun \ˈrəf\

Definition of ruff

  1. :  a small freshwater European perch (Acerina cernua)



Variants of ruff

or ruffe play \ˈrəf\

Origin of ruff

Middle English ruf


First Known Use: 15th century


2

ruff

noun

Definition of ruff

  1. 1 :  a large round collar of pleated muslin or linen worn by men and women of the late 16th and early 17th centuries

  2. 2 :  a fringe or frill of long hairs or feathers growing around or on the neck of an animal

  3. 3 :  a common Eurasian sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax) whose male during the breeding season has a large ruff of erectile feathers on the neck

ruffed play \ˈrəft\ adjective


Illustration of ruff

Origin of ruff

probably back-formation from ruffle


First Known Use: 1555


3

ruff

verb

Definition of ruff

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  to take a trick with a trump

  3. transitive verb
  4. :  to play a trump on (a card previously led or played)



Origin of ruff

Middle French roffler


First Known Use: 1598


4

ruff

noun

Definition of ruff

  1. :  the act of trumping



Circa 1828

First Known Use of ruff

circa 1828


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