noun \rō-ˈmäⁿ\

Definition of ROMAN

:  a metrical romance

Origin of ROMAN

French, from Old French romans romance
First Known Use: 1765


noun \ˈrō-mən\

: a person born, raised, or living in Rome

: a citizen of the ancient Roman Empire

roman : letters, numbers, etc., that stand upright instead of slanting : roman type

Full Definition of ROMAN

a :  a native or resident of Rome
b :  a citizen of ancient Rome or of the Roman Empire
often offensive :  roman catholic
not capitalized :  roman letters or type

Examples of ROMAN

  1. The type should be set in roman.

Origin of ROMAN

partly from Middle English, from Old English, from Latin Romanus, adjective & noun, from Roma Rome; partly from Middle English Romain, from Anglo-French, from Latin Romanus
First Known Use: before 12th century

Rhymes with ROMAN



: of or relating to Rome or the people of Rome

: of or relating to the ancient Roman Empire

roman : having letters, numbers, etc., that stand upright instead of slanting

Full Definition of ROMAN

:  of or relating to Rome or the people of Rome; specifically :  characteristic of the ancient Romans <Roman fortitude>
a :  latin 1a
b :  of or relating to the Latin alphabet
not capitalized :  of or relating to a type style with upright characters — compare italic
:  of or relating to the see of Rome or the Roman Catholic Church
:  having a semicircular intrados <Roman arch>
:  having a prominent slightly aquiline bridge <a Roman nose>

First Known Use of ROMAN

14th century


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Typeface used most widely in Western typography, the general term for the type of this book's text. Characterized by simple, unembellished shapes, roman was developed by 15th-century printers as an alternative to the heavy-bodied, spiky black letter script. Models for a new type that was easier to cut and read were found in the scriptoria, where scribes, probably at the urging of humanist scholars, were experimenting with a letter face they believed had been used in ancient Rome. Historians now trace its ancestry instead to the letter forms developed for Charlemagne's decrees by Alcuin in the 9th century. Within a century, roman had superseded all other typefaces throughout Europe; the sole exception was Germany, where black letter continued to hold sway into the 20th century.


Next Word in the Dictionary: roman à clef
Previous Word in the Dictionary: romal ()
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