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1

rack

play
noun \ˈrak\

Definition of rack

  1. :  a wind-driven mass of high often broken clouds



Origin of rack

Middle English rak rain cloud, rapid movement


First Known Use: 14th century


2

rack

verb

Definition of rack

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  to fly or scud in high wind



1590

First Known Use of rack

1590


3

rack

noun

Definition of rack

  1. 1 :  a framework for holding fodder for livestock

  2. 2 :  an instrument of torture on which a body is stretched

  3. 3 a (1) :  a cause of anguish or pain (2) :  acute suffering b :  the action of straining or wrenching

  4. 4 :  a framework, stand, or grating on or in which articles are placed

  5. 5 a :  a bar with teeth on one face for gearing with a pinion or worm gear to transform rotary motion to linear motion or vice versa (as in an automobile steering mechanism) b :  a notched bar used as a ratchet to engage with a pawl, click, or detent

  6. 6 :  a pair of antlers

  7. 7 :  a triangular frame used to set up the balls in a pool game; also :  the balls as set up

  8. 8 :  bed, sack

rack·ful play \-ˌfu̇l\ noun
on the rack
  1. :  under great emotional stress



Origin of rack

Middle English, probably from Middle Dutch rec framework; akin to Old English reccan to stretch, Greek oregein — more at right


First Known Use: 14th century

Other Animal Husbandry Terms


4

rack

verb

Definition of rack

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to torture on the rack

  3. 2 :  to cause to suffer torture, pain, anguish, or ruin

  4. 3 a :  to stretch or strain violently b :  to raise (rents) oppressively c :  to harass or oppress with high rents or extortions

  5. 4 :  to work or treat (material) on a rack

  6. 5 :  to work by a rack and pinion or worm so as to extend or contract <rack a camera>

  7. 6 :  to seize (as parallel ropes of a tackle) together

  8. 7 :  to place (as pool balls) in a rack

  9. intransitive verb
  10. :  to become forced out of shape or out of plumb

rack·er noun
rack·ing·ly play \ˈra-kiŋ-lē\ adverb


15th Century

First Known Use of rack

15th century

Synonym Discussion of rack

afflict, try, torment, torture, rack mean to inflict on a person something that is hard to bear. afflict is a general term and applies to the causing of pain or suffering or of acute annoyance, embarrassment, or any distress <ills that afflict the elderly>. try suggests imposing something that strains the powers of endurance or of self-control <children often try their parents' patience>. torment suggests persecution or the repeated inflicting of suffering or annoyance <a horse tormented by flies>. torture adds the implication of causing unbearable pain or suffering <tortured by a sense of guilt>. rack stresses straining or wrenching <a body racked by pain>.

5

rack

verb

Definition of rack

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to draw off (as wine) from the lees



Origin of rack

Middle English rakken, from Old French (Norman & Picard dialect) reequier, probably from Late Latin reaedificare to rebuild, repair, improve, from Latin re- + aedificare to build — more at edify


First Known Use: 15th century


6

rack

verb

Definition of rack

of a horse

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  to go at a rack



Origin of rack

probably alteration of 1rock


First Known Use: 1530


7

rack

noun

Definition of rack

  1. :  either of two gaits of a horse: a :  pace 4b b :  a fast showy 4-beat gait



1580

First Known Use of rack

1580


8

rack

noun

Definition of rack

  1. 1 :  the neck and spine of a forequarter of veal, pork, or especially mutton

  2. 2 :  the rib section of a lamb's forequarters used for chops or as a roast — see lamb illustration



Origin of rack

perhaps from 3rack


First Known Use: 1570


9

rack

noun

Definition of rack

  1. :  destruction <rack and ruin>



Origin of rack

alteration of wrack


First Known Use: 1592




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