Dictionary

1quarantine

noun quar·an·tine \ˈkwr-ən-ˌtēn, ˈkwär-\

: the period of time during which a person or animal that has a disease or that might have a disease is kept away from others to prevent the disease from spreading

: the situation of being kept away from others to prevent a disease from spreading

Full Definition of QUARANTINE

1
:  a period of 40 days
2
a :  a term during which a ship arriving in port and suspected of carrying contagious disease is held in isolation from the shore
b :  a regulation placing a ship in quarantine
c :  a place where a ship is detained during quarantine
3
a :  a restraint upon the activities or communication of persons or the transport of goods designed to prevent the spread of disease or pests
b :  a place in which those under quarantine are kept
4
:  a state of enforced isolation

Examples of QUARANTINE

  1. The infected people were put into quarantine.
  2. The cows will be kept in quarantine for another week.
  3. The dog was put under quarantine.

Origin of QUARANTINE

partly modification of French quarantaine, from Old French, from quarante forty, from Latin quadraginta, from quadra- (akin to quattuor four) + -ginta (akin to viginti twenty); partly modification of Italian quarantena quarantine of a ship, from quaranta forty, from Latin quadraginta — more at four, vigesimal
First Known Use: 1609

Other Number-Related Terms

jubilee, myriad, score, twain

2quarantine

verb

: to keep (a person or animal) away from others to prevent a disease from spreading : to put or keep (a person or animal) in quarantine

quarantinedquarantin·ing

Full Definition of QUARANTINE

transitive verb
1
:  to detain in or exclude by quarantine
2
:  to isolate from normal relations or communication <quarantine an aggressor>
intransitive verb
:  to establish or declare a quarantine

Examples of QUARANTINE

  1. The hospital quarantined the infected patients.
  2. The dog was immediately quarantined.

First Known Use of QUARANTINE

1804
QUARANTINE[1] Defined for Kids

1quarantine

noun quar·an·tine \ˈkwr-ən-ˌtēn\

Definition of QUARANTINE for Kids

1
:  isolation of people, animals, or things (as plants) out of a certain area to prevent the spread of disease or pests
2
:  a period during which a person or animal with a contagious disease is isolated
3
:  a place (as a hospital) where a person or animal with a contagious disease is isolated

Word History of QUARANTINE

Centuries ago people in Europe did not have a good understanding of infectious diseases. But experience taught them that when ships arrived in port and brought strangers, illness would sometimes follow. In Venice, a port in Italy, the practice developed of holding a ship in the harbor for forty days if the passengers were suspected of carrying disease, especially plague. If no one developed signs of illness, the passengers were let ashore. The word for this period of forty days was in Italian quarantena, a derivative of quaranta, forty, and it is a source of the English word quarantine.

2quarantine

verb
quar·an·tinedquar·an·tin·ing

Definition of QUARANTINE for Kids

:  to put or hold in isolation to prevent the spread of disease or pests <The infected patient was quarantined.>

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July 04, 2015
stringent Hear it
rigorous, strict, or severe
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