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1

quarantine

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noun quar·an·tine \ˈkwȯr-ən-ˌtēn, ˈkwär-\

Simple Definition of quarantine

  • : the period of time during which a person or animal that has a disease or that might have a disease is kept away from others to prevent the disease from spreading

  • : the situation of being kept away from others to prevent a disease from spreading

Full Definition of quarantine

  1. 1 :  a period of 40 days

  2. 2 a :  a term during which a ship arriving in port and suspected of carrying contagious disease is held in isolation from the shore b :  a regulation placing a ship in quarantine c :  a place where a ship is detained during quarantine

  3. 3 a :  a restraint upon the activities or communication of persons or the transport of goods designed to prevent the spread of disease or pests b :  a place in which those under quarantine are kept

  4. 4 :  a state of enforced isolation

Examples of quarantine

  1. The infected people were put into quarantine.

  2. The cows will be kept in quarantine for another week.

  3. The dog was put under quarantine.



Origin of quarantine

partly modification of French quarantaine, from Old French, from quarante forty, from Latin quadraginta, from quadra- (akin to quattuor four) + -ginta (akin to viginti twenty); partly modification of Italian quarantena quarantine of a ship, from quaranta forty, from Latin quadraginta — more at four, vigesimal


First Known Use: 1609

Other Number-Related Terms


2

quarantine

verb quar·an·tine

Simple Definition of quarantine

  • : to keep (a person or animal) away from others to prevent a disease from spreading : to put or keep (a person or animal) in quarantine

Full Definition of quarantine

quarantinedquarantin·ing

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to detain in or exclude by quarantine

  3. 2 :  to isolate from normal relations or communication <quarantine an aggressor>

  4. intransitive verb
  5. :  to establish or declare a quarantine

Examples of quarantine

  1. The hospital quarantined the infected patients.

  2. The dog was immediately quarantined.



1804

First Known Use of quarantine

1804


QUARANTINE Defined for Kids

1

quarantine

play
noun quar·an·tine \ˈkwȯr-ən-ˌtēn\

Definition of quarantine

  1. 1 :  isolation of people, animals, or things (as plants) out of a certain area to prevent the spread of disease or pests

  2. 2 :  a period during which a person or animal with a contagious disease is isolated

  3. 3 :  a place (as a hospital) where a person or animal with a contagious disease is isolated



History for quarantine

Centuries ago people in Europe did not have a good understanding of infectious diseases. But experience taught them that when ships arrived in port and brought strangers, illness would sometimes follow. In Venice, a port in Italy, the practice developed of holding a ship in the harbor for forty days if the passengers were suspected of carrying disease, especially plague. If no one developed signs of illness, the passengers were let ashore. The word for this period of forty days was in Italian quarantena, a derivative of quaranta, “forty,” and it is a source of the English word quarantine.


2

quarantine

play
verb quar·an·tine

Definition of quarantine

quar·an·tinedquar·an·tin·ing

  1. :  to put or hold in isolation to prevent the spread of disease or pests <The infected patient was quarantined.>





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