Pythagoras

2 ENTRIES FOUND:

Py·thag·o·ras

biographical name \pə-ˈtha-gə-rəs, pī-\

Definition of PYTHAGORAS

ca 580–ca 500 b.c. Greek philos. & math.

Rhymes with PYTHAGORAS

Pythagoras

biographical name    (Concise Encyclopedia)

(born c. 580 BC, Samos, Ionia—died c. 500, Metapontum, Lucania) Greek philosopher and mathematician. He established a community of followers in Croton who adhered to a way of life he prescribed. His school of philosophy reduced all meaning to numerical relationships and proposed that all existing objects are fundamentally composed of form and not material substance. The principles of Pythagoreanism, including belief in the immortality and reincarnation of the soul and in the liberating power of abstinence and asceticism, influenced the thought of Plato and Aristotle and contributed to the development of mathematics and Western rational philosophy. The proportions of musical intervals and scales were first studied by Pythagoras, and he was the first influential Western practitioner of vegetarianism. None of his writings survive, and it is difficult to distinguish the ideas he originated from those of his disciples. His memory is kept alive partly by the Pythagorean theorem, probably developed by his school after he died.

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: Qaddafi
Previous Word in the Dictionary: Pynchon

Seen & Heard

What made you want to look up Pythagoras? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More