City (pop., 2000: 105,166), north-central Utah, U.S. Situated on the Provo River between Utah Lake and the Wasatch Mountains, it was founded in 1849 by Mormon colonists. Construction of railroads in the 1870s spurred the city's development as a centre for the mining of silver, lead, copper, and gold. The founding in 1875 of Brigham Young Academy (now Brigham Young University) also contributed to Provo's growth. The city's industries include steel, canning, electronics, and textiles. Nearby is Timpanogos Cave National Monument.