propylaeum


pro·py·lae·um

noun \ˌprä-pə-ˈlē-əm, ˌprō-\
plural -laea \-ˈlē-ə\

Definition of PROPYLAEUM

:  a vestibule or entrance of architectural importance before a building or enclosure —often used in plural

Origin of PROPYLAEUM

Latin, from Greek propylaion, from pro- before + pylē gate — more at pro-
First Known Use: circa 1706

propylaeum

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

In ancient Greek architecture, a structure forming an entrance or gateway to a sacred enclosure, usually consisting, at the least, of a porch supported by columns both outside and within the actual gate. The term is often used in the plural (propylaea). The most famous example is the great Propylaea designed by Mnesicles for the Athenian Acropolis. The name propylaea was also applied to various 18th–19th-century Neoclassical and Romantic monumental gateways.

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