prophase


pro·phase

noun \-ˌfāz\

Definition of PROPHASE

1
:  the initial stage of mitosis and of the mitotic division of meiosis characterized by the condensation of chromosomes consisting of two chromatids, disappearance of the nucleolus and nuclear membrane, and formation of mitotic spindle
2
:  the initial stage of the first division of meiosis in which the chromosomes become visible, homologous pairs of chromosomes undergo synapsis and crossing over, chiasmata appear, chromosomes condense with homologues visible as tetrads, and the nuclear membrane and nucleolus disappear — compare diakinesis, diplotene, leptotene, pachytene, zygotene
pro·pha·sic \(ˌ)prō-ˈfā-zik\ adjective

Origin of PROPHASE

International Scientific Vocabulary
First Known Use: 1884

pro·phase

noun \-ˌfāz\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of PROPHASE

1
: the initial stage of mitosis and of the mitotic division of meiosis characterized by the condensation of chromosomes consisting of two chromatids, disappearance of the nucleolus and nuclear membrane, and formation of the mitotic spindle
2
: the initial stage of the first division of meiosis in which the chromosomes become visible, homologous pairs of chromosomes undergo synapsis and crossing-over, chiasmata appear, chromosomes condense with homologues visible as tetrads, and the nuclear membrane and nucleolus disappear and which is divided into the five consecutive stages leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, diplotene, and diakinesis
pro·pha·sic \(ˈ)prō-ˈfā-zik\ adjective

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