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1

prior

play
noun pri·or \ˈprī(-ə)r\

Simple Definition of prior

  • : a monk who is the head of a religious house or order

  • : a priest whose rank is just below that of an abbot

  • : a previous time of being arrested for or found guilty of a crime

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of prior

  1. 1 :  the superior ranking next to the abbot of a monastery

  2. 2 :  the superior of a house or group of houses of any of various religious communities

priorate

play \ˈprī-ə-rət\ noun

priorship

play \ˈprī(-ə)r-ˌship\ noun

Origin and Etymology of prior

Middle English, from Old English & Anglo-French; both from Medieval Latin, from Late Latin, administrator, from Latin, former, superior


First Known Use: before 12th century

Other Christian Religious Terms


2

prior

adjective pri·or

Simple Definition of prior

  • : existing earlier in time

  • : more important than something else because it came first

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of prior

  1. 1 :  earlier in time or order

  2. 2 :  taking precedence (as in importance)

priorly

adverb

Examples of prior in a sentence

  1. Do you have a prior history of back problems?

  2. The job requires prior experience in advertising.

  3. The defendant had a prior record of convictions.

  4. I'm sorry, but we have a prior commitment and can't come tonight.

  5. We have a prior claim to the estate.



Origin and Etymology of prior

Latin, former, superior; akin to Latin priscus ancient, prae before — more at for


First Known Use: 1709

Synonym Discussion of prior

preceding, antecedent, foregoing, previous, prior, former, anterior mean being before. preceding usually implies being immediately before in time or in place <the preceding sentence>. antecedent applies to order in time and may suggest a causal relation <conditions antecedent to the revolution>. foregoing applies chiefly to statements <the foregoing remarks>. previous and prior imply existing or occurring earlier, but prior often adds an implication of greater importance <a child from a previous marriage> <a prior obligation>. former implies always a definite comparison or contrast with something that is latter <the former name of the company>. anterior applies to position before or ahead of usually in space, sometimes in time or order <the anterior lobe of the brain>.

Rhymes with prior


Prior

play
biographical name pri·or \ˈprī(-ə)r\

Definition of Prior

  1. Matthew 1664–1721 Eng. poet





PRIOR Defined for Kids

1

prior

play
noun pri·or \ˈprī-ər\

Definition of prior for Students

  1. :  a monk who is head of a religious house




2

prior

play
adjective pri·or

Definition of prior for Students

  1. 1 :  being or happening before something else <a prior date> <prior experience>

  2. 2 :  being more important than something else <a prior claim>

prior to

  1. :  2before 2 <The project must be finished prior to July.>




Law Dictionary

prior

adjective pri·or \ˈprī-ər\

Legal Definition of prior

  1. 1 :  earlier in time or order

  2. 2 :  taking precedence (as in importance) <a prior lien>





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