predicate


1pred·i·cate

noun \ˈpre-di-kət\

grammar : the part of a sentence that expresses what is said about the subject

Full Definition of PREDICATE

1
a :  something that is affirmed or denied of the subject in a proposition in logic
b :  a term designating a property or relation
2
:  the part of a sentence or clause that expresses what is said of the subject and that usually consists of a verb with or without objects, complements, or adverbial modifiers
pred·i·ca·tive \-kə-tiv, -ˌkā-\ adjective
pred·i·ca·tive·ly adverb

Examples of PREDICATE

  1. In the sentence The child threw the ball, the subject is the child and the predicate is threw the ball.

Origin of PREDICATE

Middle English, from Late Latin praedicatum, from neuter of praedicatus
First Known Use: 15th century

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms

ablaut, allusion, anacoluthon, diacritic, gerund, idiom, infinitive, metaphor, semiotics, simile

Rhymes with PREDICATE

2pred·i·cate

verb \ˈpre-də-ˌkāt\

: to base (something) on or upon something else

pred·i·cat·edpred·i·cat·ing

Full Definition of PREDICATE

transitive verb
1
a :  affirm, declare
b archaic :  preach
2
a :  to assert to be a quality, attribute, or property —used with following of <predicates intelligence of humans>
b :  to make (a term) the predicate in a proposition
3
:  found, base —usually used with on <the theory is predicated on recent findings>
4
:  imply

Examples of PREDICATE

  1. <she has predicated her theory on recent findings by other astronomers>

Origin of PREDICATE

Late Latin praedicatus, past participle of praedicare to assert, predicate logically, preach, from Latin, to proclaim, assert — more at preach
First Known Use: circa 1552

Rhymes with PREDICATE

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3pred·i·cate

adjective \ˈpre-di-kət\

grammar : used after a linking verb to describe a noun that comes before the verb

Full Definition of PREDICATE

:  completing the meaning of a copula <predicate adjective> <predicate noun>

Examples of PREDICATE

  1. In the sun is hot, hot is a predicate adjective.

First Known Use of PREDICATE

1887

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms

ablaut, allusion, anacoluthon, diacritic, gerund, idiom, infinitive, metaphor, semiotics, simile

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