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polymerase chain reaction

polymerase chain reaction

noun

Definition of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

:  an in vitro technique for rapidly synthesizing large quantities of a given DNA segment that involves separating the DNA into its two complementary strands, using DNA polymerase to synthesize two-stranded DNA from each single strand, and repeating the process —abbreviation PCR

First Known Use of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

1987

polymerase chain reaction

noun    (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

:  an in vitro technique for rapidly synthesizing large quantities of a given DNA segment that involves separating the DNA into its two complementary strands, binding a primer to each single strand at the end of the given DNA segment where synthesis will start, using DNA polymerase to synthesize two-stranded DNA from each single strand, and repeating the process—abbreviation PCR

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