polonaise


po·lo·naise

noun \ˌpä-lə-ˈnāz, ˌpō-\

Definition of POLONAISE

1
:  an elaborate short-sleeved overdress with a fitted waist and a draped cutaway overskirt
2
a :  a stately Polish processional dance popular in 19th century Europe
b :  music for this dance in moderate 34 time

Illustration of POLONAISE

Origin of POLONAISE

French, from feminine of polonais Polish, from Pologne Poland, from Medieval Latin Polonia
First Known Use: 1773

polonaise

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Dignified ceremonial dance in time, frequently employing dotted rhythms, that often opened court balls in the 17th–19th century. It likely began as a warrior's triumphal dance and had been adopted by the Polish court as a formal march as early as 1573. The dancers promenaded with gliding steps accented by bending the knee slightly on every third step. It often appeared in ballets, and it was used as a musical form by composers such as George Frideric Handel, Ludwig van Beethoven, and especially Frédéric Chopin, whose piano polonaises were martial and heroic.

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