Piero della Francesca


Pie·ro del·la Fran·ces·ca

biographical name \ˈpyer-ō-ˌde-lə-fran-ˈches-kə, -frän-\

Definition of PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA

ca 1420–1492 Ital. painter

Variants of PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA

Pie·ro del·la Fran·ces·ca or de'Fran·ces·chi \-dā-fran-ˈches-kē, -frän-\

Piero della Francesca

biographical name    (Concise Encyclopedia)

The Baptism of Christ, panel painting by Piero della Francesca, …—Courtesy of the trustees of the National Gallery, London; photograph, A.C. Cooper Ltd.

(born c. 1420, Sansepolcro?, Republic of Florence—died Oct. 12, 1492, Sansepolcro) Italian painter. Son of a prosperous tanner and wool merchant, he became known for his serene, disciplined exploration of perspective. His fresco cycle for San Francesco at Arezzo, The Legend of the True Cross (1450s), exemplifies his simplicity and clarity of structure, controlled use of perspective, and aura of serenity. His famous diptych portrait of his patrons, Count Federico da Montefeltro and his wife (c. 1470), is known for its unidealized depiction of their features and the use of landscape in the background. Though he had little influence on his contemporaries, Piero's important scientific and poetic contributions to Renaissance painting are now well recognized. Also a writer, he produced theoretical treatises on geometry and perspective.

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