phonology


pho·nol·o·gy

noun \fə-ˈnä-lə-jē, fō-\

linguistics : the study of the speech sounds used in a language

Full Definition of PHONOLOGY

1
:  the science of speech sounds including especially the history and theory of sound changes in a language or in two or more related languages
2
:  the phonetics and phonemics of a language at a particular time
pho·no·log·i·cal \ˌfō-nə-ˈlä-ji-kəl also ˌfä-\ also pho·no·log·ic \-jik\ adjective
pho·no·log·i·cal·ly \-ji-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
pho·nol·o·gist \fə-ˈnä-lə-jist, fō-\ noun

First Known Use of PHONOLOGY

1799

pho·nol·o·gy

noun \fə-ˈnäl-ə-jē, fō-\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural pho·nol·o·gies

Medical Definition of PHONOLOGY

1
: the science of speech sounds including especially the history and theory of sound changes in a language or in two or more related languages
2
: the phonetics and phonemics of a language at a particular time
pho·no·log·i·cal \ˌfōn-əl-ˈäj-i-kəl also ˌfän-əl-\ also pho·no·log·ic \-ik\ adjective
pho·no·log·i·cal·ly \-i-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

phonology

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Study of sound patterns within languages. Diachronic (historical) phonology traces and analyzes changes in speech sounds and sound systems over time (e.g., the process by which sea and see, once pronounced with different vowel sounds, have come to be pronounced alike). Synchronic (descriptive) phonology investigates sound patterns at a single stage in a language's development, to identify which ones can occur and in what position (in English, for example, nt and rk appear within or at the end of words but not at the beginning).

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