peridotite


pe·ri·do·tite

noun \pə-ˈri-də-ˌtīt\

Definition of PERIDOTITE

:  any of a group of granular igneous rocks composed of ferromagnesian minerals and especially olivine
pe·ri·do·tit·ic \pə-ˌri-də-ˈti-tik\ adjective

Origin of PERIDOTITE

French péridotite, from péridot
First Known Use: 1878

peridotite

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Coarse-grained, heavy, igneous rock that contains at least 10% olivine, other iron- and magnesium-rich minerals (generally pyroxenes), and not more than 10% feldspar. Peridotite is the ultimate source of all chromium ore and naturally occurring diamonds, and of nearly all chrysotile asbestos. Nearly all peridotite is more or less altered to serpentine; in warm, humid climates peridotite and serpentine have weathered to soils and related deposits that, though now worked on a relatively small scale, are potential sources of iron, nickel, cobalt, and chromium.

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