Ancient Persian city, near modern Shiraz, Iran. It was the capital of Cyrus II, founder of the Achaemenian dynasty. He was said to have founded the city on the site of his victory over the last king of the Medes (c. 550 BCE). The city was surrendered to Alexander the Great in 330 BCE. It was known for the majestic simplicity of its architecture; its ruins include the bases of several large buildings and the nearly intact tomb of Cyrus. In 2004 the ruins were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.