pancreatitis


pan·cre·a·ti·tis

noun \ˌpaŋ-krē-ə-ˈtī-təs, ˌpan-\
plural pan·cre·a·tit·i·des\-ˈti-tə-ˌdēz\

Definition of PANCREATITIS

:  inflammation of the pancreas

Origin of PANCREATITIS

New Latin
First Known Use: circa 1842

pan·cre·ati·tis

noun \ˌpaŋ-krē-ə-ˈtīt-əs, ˌpan-\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural pan·cre·atit·i·des \-ˈtit-ə-ˌdēz\

Medical Definition of PANCREATITIS

: inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Inflammation of the pancreas, associated with alcohol, trauma, or pancreatic-duct obstruction. Activated enzymes escaping into pancreatic tissues cause irritation and inflammation. If it does not subside, bleeding, tissue death and scarring, pus formation, and infection may occur. Symptoms include severe pain (worst when lying on the back), low fever, nausea, and hypertension. Acute cases are treated by controlling pain, preventing or relieving shock, inhibiting pancreatic-juice secretion (including eliminating oral intake of food), avoiding infection, and replacing lost fluids and salts. Chronic pancreatitis can destroy enough of the pancreas to cause pancreatic-juice deficiency and diabetes mellitus. Treatment may include a low-fat diet, avoiding overeating and alcohol, pancreatic extracts, and insulin.

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