Paiute

4 ENTRIES FOUND:

Pai·ute

noun \ˈpī-ˌyüt\

Definition of PAIUTE

1
:  a member of an American Indian people originally of Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and California
2
:  either of the two Uto-Aztecan languages of the Paiute people

Variants of PAIUTE

Pai·ute also Pi·ute \ˈpī-ˌyüt\

Origin of PAIUTE

alteration of Pie-Utaw, alteration of Paiuches, plural, from American Spanish Payuchis Southern Paiutes
First Known Use: 1827

Paiute

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Either of two distinct American Indian groups living mostly in California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah, U.S. Their languages belong to the Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan family. Their name for themselves is Numa. The Southern Paiute occupied southern Utah, northwestern Arizona, southern Nevada, and southeastern California. The Northern Paiute occupied east-central California, western Nevada, and eastern Oregon. Both groups were primarily food collectors who subsisted on wild plant foods supplemented by small game. They occupied temporary brush shelters, used rabbit-skin clothing, and made baskets for food gathering. Most Paiute were organized in loosely knit bands with fluid membership; those in areas with plentiful water organized more formally. Most Paiute were directed onto reservations in the 19th century. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated approximately 17,000 individuals of Paiute descent. See also Ute; Wovoka.

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