Orphism


Or·phism

noun \ˈr-ˌfi-zəm\

Definition of ORPHISM

:  a mystic Greek religion offering initiates purification of the soul from innate evil and release from the cycle of reincarnation

Origin of ORPHISM

Orpheus, its reputed founder
First Known Use: 1880

Orphism

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Trend in Cubism that gave priority to colour. Its name, bestowed in 1912 by Guillaume Apollinaire, recalls not only the legendary Orpheus but the Symbolist painters' description of Paul Gauguin's use of colour as “Orphic art.” Among the painters who worked in this style were Robert Delaunay, Fernand Léger, Francis Picabia, and Marcel Duchamp. The best-known example is Delaunay's abstract Simultaneous Composition: Sun Disks (1912–13), in which superimposed circles of colour have their own rhythm and movement.

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