Orkney Islands


Ork·ney Islands

geographical name \ˈrk-nē\

Definition of ORKNEY ISLANDS

islands N Scotland constituting an administrative area Kirkwall (on Mainland Island) area 376 square miles (978 square kilometers), pop 19,570
Ork·ney·an \ˈrk-nē-ən, rk-ˈ\ adjective or noun

Orkney Islands

   (Concise Encyclopedia)

Island group (pop., 2001: 19,245), Scotland. Lying north of the Scottish mainland, it comprises more than 70 islands and islets and constitutes the Orkney council area. The Orkney Islands, only 20 of which are inhabited, were the Orcades of ancient Classical literature. There is much evidence of prehistoric inhabitants. Norse raiders arrived in the late 8th century AD and colonized the islands in the 9th century. Thereafter they were ruled by Norway and Denmark until Scotland annexed them in 1472. It is a prosperous agricultural area. Kirkwall is the administrative seat.


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