# average

^{1}av·er·age

*noun*\ˈa-v(ə-)rij\

: a number that is calculated by adding quantities together and then dividing the total by the number of quantities

: a level that is typical of a group, class, or series : a middle point between extremes

## Full Definition of *AVERAGE*

1

*a*

**:**a single value (as a mean, mode, or median) that summarizes or represents the general significance of a set of unequal values

*b*

**:**mean 1b

2

*a*

**:**an estimation of or approximation to an arithmetic mean

*b*

**:**a level (as of intelligence) typical of a group, class, or series <above the

*average*>

3

**:**a ratio expressing the average performance especially of an athletic team or an athlete computed according to the number of opportunities for successful performance

—

**on average**or**on the average****:**taking the typical example of the group under consideration <prices have increased

*on average*by five percent>

## Examples of *AVERAGE*

- The
*average*of 16, 8, and 6 is 10. - Take all these temperatures and find their
*average*. - An
*average*of 2,000 people attended the show each night. - Prices have increased
**on average**about eight percent. *On average*, women live longer than men.- His work has been above the
*average*.

## Origin of *AVERAGE*

from earlier

*average*proportionally distributed charge for damage at sea, modification of Middle French*avarie*damage to ship or cargo, from Old Italian*avaria,*from Arabic*ʽawārīya*damaged merchandiseFirst Known Use: 1732

## Synonym Discussion of *AVERAGE*

average, mean, median, norm mean something that represents a middle point. average is the quotient obtained by dividing the sum total of a set of figures by the number of figures <scored an

*average*of 85 on tests>. mean may be the simple average or it may represent value midway between two extremes <a high of 70° and a low of 50° give a*mean*of 60°>. median applies to the value that represents the point at which there are as many instances above as there are below <*average*of a group of persons earning 3, 4, 5, 8, and 10 dollars an hour is 6 dollars, whereas the*median*is 5 dollars>. norm means the average of performance of a significantly large group, class, or grade <scores about the*norm*for fifth grade arithmetic>.## Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms

^{2}average

*adjective*

: calculated by adding quantities together and then dividing by the number of quantities

: ordinary or usual

: not unusually large or small

## Full Definition of *AVERAGE*

1

**:**equaling an arithmetic mean

2

*a*

**:**being about midway between extremes <a man of

*average*height>

*b*

**:**not out of the ordinary

**:**common <the

*average*person>

—

**av·er·age·ly***adverb*—

**av·er·age·ness***noun*## Examples of *AVERAGE*

- Take all these temperatures and find their
*average*temperature. - The investment had a higher
*average*return. - The
*average*age of the company's employees is 36. - The
*average*woman lives longer than the*average*man. - Do you know what the
*average*person earns? - the
*average*American family buyer - Sales were about
*average*for the industry on the whole. *Average*grades are not good enough to get you into graduate school.- She was an
*average*student. - She thought the performance was just
*average*.

## First Known Use of *AVERAGE*

1770

## Related to *AVERAGE*

- Synonyms
- middle, intermediate, mean, median, medium, middling, midsize (
*also*midsized), moderate, modest

- Antonyms
- abnormal, exceptional, extraordinary, odd, out-of-the-way, strange, unusual

## Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms

^{3}average

*verb*

: to have (a specified number) as an average

: to calculate the average of (something)

**av·er·aged**

**av·er·ag·ing**

## Full Definition of *AVERAGE*

intransitive verb

1

*a*

**:**to be or come to an average <the gain

*averaged*out to 20 percent>

*b*

**:**to have a medial value of <a color

*averaging*a pale purple>

2

**:**to buy on a falling market or sell on a rising market additional shares or commodities so as to obtain a more favorable average price —usually used with

*down*or

*up*

transitive verb

1

**:**to do, get, or have on the average or as an average sum or quantity <

*average*

*s*12 hours of work a day>

2

**:**to find the arithmetic mean of (a series of unequal quantities)

3

*a*

**:**to bring toward the average

*b*

**:**to divide among a number proportionately

## Examples of *AVERAGE*

- The teacher
*averaged*the students' grades. - What figure do you get when you
*average*the amount of rainfall for the last three months?

## First Known Use of *AVERAGE*

1769

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